With spring in the air and temperatures warming up, now is a great time to install a new backyard paver surface for your landscaping. Here are some recommendations for the installation of a successfully built and sturdy paving surface.
Evaluate Your Installation Site
When you choose to pave an area in your yard with paving stones or rock, you will need to plan out its layout in your yard by placing the stones on the existing area. This gives you an opportunity to set the stones or pavers in the desired pattern and layout with spacing appropriate for each of the stones. Then, you can mark the border of your paving area with a landscape paint before removing the paving stones for the site's excavation.
Before you excavate, be sure to find out where all your utility lines are buried so you don't inadvertently cut a line or cause damage to your or your neighbor's utilities. If you accidentally cut a utility line, the results can be anywhere from expensive for you to pay for the repairs to dangerous if you cut into a natural gas line. Contact your local utility companies at least a week before your excavation project by calling 811 for utility line markings to be made.
Excavate the Proper Amount
To install your pavers within the ground, you will need to remove the top layer of soil on the installation site. This includes any grass, weeds, rocks, or other types of obstructions or vegetation. You can use a mini excavator to help you complete this part of the project.
Be sure you scrape the area clear and excavate enough soil to allow for the thickness of your foundation layers and drainage materials, depending on the type of soil that is present in the area. It is recommended to excavate anywhere from six to eight inches of foundation materials for clay soils that are poorly draining. The foundation may need a layer of aggregate rock topped by a layer of masonry sand to get an even and level foundation for your pavers.
You need to first find out if the soil is high in clay and needs help with drainage. For example, if you excavate the soil from your marked site and suspect there is a lot of clay present by how the soil compacts together when you excavate it, spray the area with water from your garden hose. If the water on the soil drains well, it is not high in clay, but if the water remains on the surface of the soil for a few minutes, this is a high clay content indicator and you need to look at adding two to three inches of compacted aggregate rock, then add a layer of sand that is a couple inches thick before you can lay your paver stones.
Contact a company that offers excavation services to learn more.